每日一句Day 42 | 四六级和考研如何同时备考?

前言

最近有同学问静姐,四六级和考研如何同时备考?

静姐建议大家,相同的科目,照着考研准备,不同的科目各自准备,继续加油呀。

好了,我们开始今天的长难句学习吧~

 

句子

They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over)—lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them when the box office opens at 10:30 a.m.

【2006 Text 2】

 

生词

✅ lean /liːn/ adj. 瘦且健康的

✅ pointed /ˈpɔɪntɪd/ adj. 尖的,尖锐的;明确的

✅ dedicated /ˈdedɪkeɪtɪd/ adj. 专注的,专心致志的;献身的

✅ bun /bʌn/ n. 圆面包

✅ flagstone /ˈflæɡstəʊn/ n. 石板

✅ box office 售票处;票房

 

分析

找谓语动词:seem/come/opens
断开:when

 

翻译

尽管他们来自世界各地,但是他们似乎看起来都很像——消瘦、棱角分明、神情专注,穿着牛仔裤和凉鞋,啃着小圆面包,躺在剧场外的石板上过夜,为的是在第二天上午10点半售票处开门时购买专门预留并出售给他们这些露宿者的20张坐票和80张站票。

 

语法重点

✅ 断开长难句:

根据连接词when,可以把句子断开为2段。

【句1】主句:They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over)—lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them

【句2】时间状语从句:when the box office opens at 10:30 a.m.

✅ 分裂结构:

两个括号中间隔开的是插入语,而这个插入语though they come from all over是though引导的让步状语从句。

✅ 切分意思群:

破折号引出进一步的解释说明lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them,这是本句最大的难点。按意思群拆分来详解,如下

1) lean, pointed, dedicated faces:三个形容词修饰名词faces,表示面部的描写。

2) wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre:三个非谓语动词doing的词组并列,通过逗号和and连接。

3) to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them:非谓语动词词组to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets修饰前面的动词 bedding,表示目的;后面两个非谓语动词词组held for the sleepers和sold to them并列,通过and连接,一起修饰前面的名词tickets,表示被动。

 

难点提示

✅ 断开长难句:详见《句句真研》语法书第三部分长难句分析-第一章基本结构的长难句分析

✅ 平行结构:详见《句句真研》语法书第三部分长难句分析-第二章特殊结构的长难句分析

✅ 分裂结构:详见《句句真研》语法书第三部分长难句分析-第二章特殊结构的长难句分析

✅ 状语从句:详见《句句真研》语法书第二部分长难句-第二章复合句-第三节状语从句

✅ 非谓语动词:详见《句句真研》语法书第一部分简单句-第二章简单句的扩展-第二节成分角度的扩展

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